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The Central Province - An Introduction

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The Central Province is located in the central hills of Sri Lanka and consists of the three Districts Kandy, Matale and Nuwara Eliya.  The land area of the Province is 5674 square kilometers which is 8.6% of the total land area of Sri Lanka. The Province lies on 6.6°- 7.7° Northern latitude and between 80.5°-80.9° Eastern longitudes. The elevation in the Province ranges from 600 feet to over 6000 feet above sea level in the central hills. The Province is bordered by the North Central Province from the North the Mahaweli river and Uma Oya from the east to the south from the mountain range of Adams peak, Kirigalpottha and Thotapala and the mountain ranges Dolosbage and Galagedera from the west.

The mean temperature ranges from 16°C - 28°C in the Province where lower temperatures are recorded in hills in the Nuwara Eliya District. In the Central Province 52% of the land has been cultivated while another 6.3% has been identified as lands which can be cultivated. Of the lands cultivated more than 35% has been cultivated with tea while 14.8% has been cultivated with paddy. The percentage of lands cultivated with coconut and rubber is 4.8% and 2.3% respectively.


For the purpose of administration the Central Province has 36 Divisional Secretary areas in the 3 Districts. They are further divided into 2,224 Grama Niladari areas, 5,763 villages and local government bodies comprising 3 municipality council and 6 urban council areas.

The Provincial administration is vested in the Central Provincial Council composed of elected representatives of the people, headed by a Governor who is appointed by His Excellency the President. According to the census data 2001 the total population of Central province was 2,418,110 and the estimated population for 2007 was 2,549,917. The annual growth rate for 2007 was 0.9%. The population density for the Central Province was 433 persons per square kilometer. According to the 2001 census data 70.0%, 20.2% and 9.8% of the population were classified as rural, estate and Urban respectively.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

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Contact Us

Council Secretariatcontact us
Central Provincial Council
New Administrative Complex
3rd Floor, Pallekele
Kundasale
Sri Lanka

  • Telephone: +94 812 420705
  • Fax: +94 812 422629
  • E-mail: info@cpcouncil.net
 

Provincial Flower

maha rath mala central  province official flowerMaha Rath Mala
The official flower of the central province the Rhododendron arboreum - subsp. zeylanicum grows in the regions 1700 – 2300m above sea level, in Horton Plains, Ohiya, Pattipola, Seetha Eliya, Moon Thenne in the Nuwara Eliya district. It is reported that this plant has been found growing in the Knuckles, Namunukula ranges.